Given a binary tree, determine if it is a valid binary search tree (BST).
Assume a BST is defined as follows:
- The left subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys less than the node’s key.
- The right subtree of a node contains only nodes with keys greater than the node’s key.
- Both the left and right subtrees must also be binary search trees.
- A single node tree is a BST
/ \ / \
1 4 1 5
/ \ / \ \
3 5 4 2 6
Valid BST Invalid BST